**B.Tech. (Fourth semester) Mechanical engineering**

**ME-202 E PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY**

Sessional : 50 Marks

Theory: 100 Marks

Total: 150 Marks

Duration of Exam: 3 Hrs

**UNIT I**

**Kinematics of Machine Tools.**

Drives in machine tools for rotation movement, stepped and step less drives, mechanical and hydraulic drives, Individual and group drives, selection of extreme values of spindle speed on a lathe, principle of stepped regulation, Layout of spindle speeds. A.P., G.P. and Logarithmic progressions, Kinematics advantage of G. P. for gear box design, selection of common ratio, Number of steps in a given speed range, design of all geared head stock.

**UNIT II**

**Manufacturing Methods**

Characteristics of turret Lathes, turret-indexing mechanism, tooling equipment for turrets, tool Layout or turrets. Classification of gear production methods, gear generation, gear hobbling gear shaping, gear finishing methods; shaving, burnishing grinding, Lapping gear shaping, gear finishing methods; shaving, burnishing grinding, honing.

**UNIT III**

**Unconventional Machining Processes & Press Working Tools**

Need for unconventional processes, Ultrasonic machining, electrochemical machining, electrochemical grinding, Laser beam machining their process parameters, principle of metal removal, applications advantages and limitations.

Introduction, classifications of presses and dies, hear, action in die cutting operations, center of pressure, mathematical calculation of center of pressure, clearances, cutting forces, punch dimensioning.

**UNIT IV**

**Machine Tools Vibration and Dynamometry**

Introduction, effects of vibration no-machine tools, cutting conditions, work piece and tools life, source of vibration, machine tool chatter, Need for measuring forces, basic requirements of measuring techniques, design requirements of dynamometers, 3-divisional turning dynamometer and its calibration, drill dynamometers.

**SUGGESTED READING:**

Manufacturing science: Ghosh and Malik, E.W. Press

Principles of metal cutting: Sen and Bhattacharya, New Central Book.

Metal cutting principles: Shaw, MIT Press Cambridge

Manufacturing analysis: Cook, Adisson-Wesley

Modern machining processes: Pandey and Shan, Tata McGraw Hill Publications

**Note: In the semester examination, the examiner will set 8 questions, at least Two question from each unit, and students will be required to attempt only 5 questions one from each unit.**

**B.Tech. (Fourth semester) Mechanical engineering**

**ME- 204 E MATERIAL SCIENCE**

Sessional: 50 Marks

Theory: 100 Marks

Total: 150 Marks

Duration of Exam: 3 Hrs

**UNIT I**

Crystallography: Review of crystal structure, space lattice, crystal planes and crystal directions, co-ordination number, number of atoms per unit cell, atomic packing factor, Numerical related to crystallographic Imperfection in metal crystals: Crystal imperfections and their classifications, point defects, line defects, edge & screw dislocations, surface defects, volume defects & effects of imperfections on metal properties.

**UNIT II**

Solid solutions and phase diagram: Introduction to single and multiphase solid solutions and types of solid solutions, importance and objectives of phase diagram, systems, phase and structural constituents, cooling curves, unary & binary phase diagrams, Gibbs’s phase rule, Lever rule, eutectic and eutectoid systems, peritectic and peritectoid systems, iron carbon equilibrium diagram and TTT diagram. Heat Treatment: Principles, purpose, classification of heat treatment processes, annealing, normalizing, stress relieving, hardening, tempering, carburizing, nitriding, cyaniding, flame and induction hardening. Allotropic transformation of iron and steel, Properties of austenite, ferrite, pearlite, martensite.

**UNIT III**

Deformation of Metal: Elastic and plastic deformation, mechanism of plastic deformation, twinning, conventional and true stress strain curves for polycrystalline materials, yield point phenomena, strain ageing, work hardening, Bauschinger effect, season cracking. Recovery, re-crystallization and grain growth. Failures of metals: Failure analysis, fracture, process of fracture, types of fracture, fatigue, characteristics of fatigue, fatigue limit, mechanism of fatigue, factors affecting fatigue.

**UNIT IV**

Creep & Corrosion: Definition and concept, creep curve, mechanism of creep, impact of time and temperature on creep, creep fracture, creep testing and prevention against creep. Corrosion: Mechanism and effect of corrosion, prevention of corrosion. Plastic, Composite and Ceramics: Polymers, formation of polymers, polymer structure and crystallinity, polymers to plastics types, reinforced particles-strengthened and dispersion strengthened composites. Ceramic materials: Types of ceramics, properties of ceramic, ceramic forming techniques, mechanical behavior of ceramic.

**Text Books:**

1. Elements of Material Science and Engineering: VanVlack, Wesley Pub. Comp.

2. Material Science - Narula, Narula and Gupta. New Age Publishers

**Reference Books:**

1.Material Science & Engineering –V. Raghvan, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi

2. A Text Book of Material Science & Metallurgy – O.P. Khanna, Dhanpat Rai & Sons

3. Material Science and Engineering-An Introduction - Callister; W.D., John Wiley & Sons. Delhi.

4. Engineering Materials: Kenneth G. Budinski, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi

**Note: In the semester examination, the examiner will set 8 questions, at least Two question from each unit, and students will be required to attempt only 5 questions one from each unit.**

**B.Tech. (Fourth semester) Mechanical engineering**

**ME- 206 E STRENGTH OF MATERIALS-II**

Sessional: 50Marks

Theory: 100 Marks

Total: 150 Marks

Duration of Exam: 3Hrs.

**UNIT I**

Strain Energy & Impact Loading: Definitions, expressions for strain energy stored in a body when load is applied (i) gradually, (ii) suddenly and (iii) with impact, strain energy of beams in bending, beam deflections, strain energy of shafts in twisting, energy methods in determining spring deflection, Castigliano’s & Maxwell’s theorems, Numerical. Theories of Elastic Failure: Various theories of elastic failures with derivations and graphical representations, applications to problems of 2- dimensional stress system with (i) Combined direct loading and bending, and (ii) combined torsional and direct loading, Numericals.

**UNIT II**

Unsymmetrical Bending: Properties of beam cross section, product of inertia, ellipse of inertia, slope of the neutral axis, stresses & deflections, shear center and the flexural axis Numericals. Thin Walled Vessels : Hoop & Longitudinal stresses & strains in cylindrical & spherical vessels & their derivations under internal pressure, wire would cylinders, Numericals.

**UNIT III**

Thick Cylinders & Spheres: Derivation of Lame’s equations, radial & hoop stresses and strains in thick and compound cylinders and spherical shells subjected to internal fluid pressure only, wire wound cylinders, hub shrunk on solid shaft, Numericals. Rotating Rims & Discs: Stresses in uniform rotating rings & discs, rotating discs of uniform strength, stresses in ( I) rotating rims, neglecting the effect of spokes, (ii) rotating cylinders, hollow cylinders & solids cylinders. Numericals.

**UNIT IV**

Bending of Curved Bars : Stresses in bars of initial large radius of curvature, bars of initial small radius of curvature, stresses in crane hooks, rings of circular & trapezoidal sections, deflection of curved bars & rings, deflection of rings by Castigliano’s theorem stresses in simple chain link, deflection of simple chain links, Problems. Springs: Stresses in open coiled helical spring subjected to axial loads and twisting couples, leaf springs, flat spiral springs, concentric springs, Numericals.

**Text Books:**

1. Strength of Materials – G.H.Ryder, Third Edition in SI Units 1969 Macmillan, India.

2. Mechanics of Materials – (Metric Edition) : Ferdinand P. Beer and E. Russel Johnston, Jr. Second Edition, McGraw Hill.

**Reference Books:**

1. Book of Solid Mechanics – Kazmi, Tata Mc Graw Hill

2. Strength of Materials – D.S. Bedi - S. Chand & Co. Ltd.

3. Advanced Mechanics of Solids and Structures – N. Krishan Raju and D.R.Gururaje- Narosa Publishing House.

4. Strength of Materials – Andrew Pytel and Fredinand L. Singer Fourth Edition, Int. Student Ed. Addison – Wesley Longman.

**NOTE: In the semester examination, the examiner will set 8 questions, at least Two question from each unit, and students will be required to attempt only 5 questions one from each unit.**

**B.Tech. (Fourth semester) Mechanical engineering**

**ME- 208 E FLUID MECHANICS**

Sessional: 50 Marks

Theory: 100 Marks

Total: 150 Marks

Duration of Exam: 3 Hrs.

**Unit I**

Fluid Properties and Fluid Statics: Concept of fluid and flow, ideal and real fluids, continuum concept, properties of fluids, Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids. Pascal’s law, hydrostatic equation, hydrostatic forces on plane and curved surfaces, stability of floating and submerged bodies, relative equilibrium. Problems. Fluid Kinematics: Eulerian and Lagrangian description of fluid flow; stream, streak and path lines; types of flows, flow rate and continuity equation, differential equation of continuity in cylindrical and polar coordinates, rotation, vorticity and circulation, stream and potential functions, flow net. Problems.

**Unit II**

Fluid Dynamics: Concept of system and control volume, Euler’s equation, Bernoulli’s equation, venturimeter, orifices, orificemeter, mouthpieces, kinetic and momentum correction factors, Impulse momentum relationship and its applications. Problems. Potential Flow: Uniform and vortex flow, flow past a Rankin half body, source, sink, source-sink pair and doublet, flow past a cylinder with and without circulation. Problems.

**UNIT III**

Viscous Flow: Flow regimes and Reynolds’s number, Relationship between shear stress and pressure gradient, uni-directional flow between stationary and moving parallel plates, movement of piston in a dashpot, power absorbed in bearings. Problems. Flow Through Pipes: Major and minor losses in pipes, Hagen-Poiseuilli law, hydraulic gradient and total energy lines, series and parallel connection of pipes, branched pipes; equivalent pipe, power transmission through pipes. Problems.

**UNIT IV**

Boundary Layer Flow: Boundary layer concept, displacement, momentum and energy thickness, von-karman momentum integral equation, laminar and turbulent boundary layer flows, drag on a flat plate, boundary layer separation and control. Streamlined and bluff bodies lift and drag on a cylinder and an airfoil, Problems. Turbulent Flow: Shear stress in turbulent flow, Prandtl mixing length hypothesis, hydraulically smooth and rough pipes, velocity distribution in pipes, friction coefficients for smooth and rough pipes. Problems.

**Text Books:**

1. Fluid Mechanics – Streeter V L and Wylie E B, Mc Graw Hill

2. Mechanics of Fluids – I H Shames, Mc Graw Hill

**References Books:**

1. Introduction to Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Machines – S.K. Som and G. Biswas, TMH

2. Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Power Engineering – D.S. Kumar, S.K. Kataria and Sons

3. Fluid Mechanics and Machinery – S.K. Agarwal, TMH, New Delhi

**NOTE: In the semester examination, the examiner will set 8 questions, at least Two question from each unit, and students will be required to attempt only 5 questions one from each unit.**

**B.Tech. (Fourth semester) Mechanical engineering**

**MET –210 E DYNAMICS OF MACHINES**

Sessional: 50 Marks

Theory: 100 Marks

Total: 150 Marks

Duration of Exam: 3 Hrs.

**UNIT I**

Static force analysis, Static equilibrium, free by diagram, Analysis of static forces in mechanism. D’Alembert’s principal, Equivalent offset inertia force, Dynamics of reciprocation parts, Piston effort, Crank effort, Equivalent dynamical systems, and Inertia force in reciprocating engines by graphical and analytical method. Turning moment and crank effort diagrams for single cylinder and multi-cylinder engines, coefficient of fluctuation of energy, coefficient of fluctuation of speed, flywheel and its function.

**UNIT II**

Types of gears, terminology, condition for correct gearing, cyclical and involutes profiles of gear teeth, pressure angle, path of contact, arc of contact, Interference, undercutting, minimum number of teeth, number of pairs of teeth in contact, helical, spiral, worm and worm gear, bevel gear. Gear trains; simple, compound, reverted, and epicyclical, Solution of gear trains, sun and planet gear, bevel epicyclical gear, compound epicyclical gear, pre-selective gear box, differential of automobile, torque in gear taints.

**UNIT III**

Types of brakes, friction brakes, external shoe brakes, band brakes, band and block brakes, internal expanding shoe brake, dynamometers; absorption, and tensional. Types of governors; watt, Porter, Proell, spring loaded centrifugal, Inertia,, Sensitiveness, Stability, Isochronisms’, Hunting, Effort and power of governor, controlling force, Static and dynamic balancing of rotating parts, balancing of I. C. Engines, balancing of multi-cylinder engine; V-engines and radial engines, balancing of machines.

**UNIT IV**

Gyroscope, Gyroscopic couple and its effect on craft, naval ships during steering, pinching and rolling, Stability of an automobile (2-wheeers), Introduction, open and closed lop control, terms related to automatic control, error detector, actuator, amplification, transducers, lag in responses, damping, block diagrams, system with viscous damped output, transfer functions, relationship between open –loop and closed loop transfer function.

**SUGGESTED READING:**

1. Theory of machines: S. S. Rattan, Tata McGraw Hill Publications.

2. Theory of Mechanism and Machines: Jagdish Lal, Metropolitan Book Co.

3. Mechanism synthesis and analysis: A.H. Soni, McGraw Hill Publications.

4. Mechanism: J.S. Beggs.

5. Mechanics of Machines: P.Black, Pergamon Press.

6. Theory of Machines: P.L.Ballaney, Khanna Publisher.

**NOTE: In the semester examination, the examiner will set 8 questions, at least Two question from each unit, and students will be required to attempt only 5 questions one from each unit.**

**B.Tech. (Fourth semester) Mechanical engineering**

**ME- 214 E FLUID MECHANICS LAB**

Sessional: 25 Marks

Practical/Viva: 25 Marks

Total: 50 Marks

Duration of Exam. : 3 Hrs.

__LIST OF EXPERIMENTS__1. To determine the coefficient of impact for vanes.

2. To determine coefficient of discharge of an orificemeter.

3. To determine the coefficient of discharge of Notch (V and Rectangular types).

4. To determine the friction factor for the pipes.

5. To determine the coefficient of discharge of venturimeter.

6. To determine the coefficient of discharge, contraction & velocity of an orifice.

7. To verify the Bernoulli’s Theorem.

8. To find critical Reynolds number for a pipe flow.

9. To determine the meta-centric height of a floating body.

10. To determine the minor losses due to sudden enlargement, sudden contraction and bends.

11. To show the velocity and pressure variation with radius in a forced vertex flow.

**Note:**

**1.**

**At least ten experiments are to be performed in the semester.**

**2. At least eight experiments should be performed from the above list. Remaining two experiments may either be performed from the above list or designed & set by the concerned institute as per the scope of the syllabus.**

**B.Tech. (Fourth semester) Mechanical engineering**

**ME- 212 E PRODUCTION TECHNIOLOGY LAB**

Sessional: 50 Marks

Practical/Viva: 50 Marks

Total: 100 Marks

Duration of Exam: 4 Hrs

__LIST OF EXPERIMENTS:__1. Introduction to milling machines its types functions applications etc.

2. Practice of slab milling on milling machine.

3. Practice of slotting on milling machine.

4. To cut gear teeth on milling machine using dividing head.

5. Introduction to gear hobber, demonstration of gear hobbing and practice.

6. Introduction to various grinding wheels and demonstration on the surface grinder.

7. Introduction to tool and cutter grinder and dynamometer.

8. Study the constructional detail and working of CNC lathes Trainer.

9. To carry out welding using TIG/MIG welding set.

10. Introduction, demonstration & practice on profile projector & gauges.

11. To make a component on lathe machine using copy turning attachment.

12. To cut external threads on a lathe.

13. To cut multi slots on a shaper machine.

14. To perform drilling and boring operation on a Component.

**At least eight experiments should be performed from the above list. Remaining two experiments may either be performed from the above list or designed & set by the concerned institute as per the scope of the syllabus.**8

**B.Tech. (Fourth semester) Mechanical engineering**

**ME 216 E DYNAMICS OF MACHINE (LAB.)**

Sessional: 25 Marks

Practical/Viva: 25 Marks

Total: 50 Marks

Duration of Exam: 3 Hrs

__LIST OF EXPERIMENT__1. To determine experimentally, the moment of inertia of a flywheel and axle compare with theoretical values.

2. To find out critical speed experimentally and to compare the whirling speed of a shaft with theoretical values.

3. To find experimentally the Gyroscopic couple on motorized gyroscope and compare with applied couple.

4. To perform the experiment of balancing of rotating parts and finds the unbalanced couple and forces.

5. To determine experimentally the unbalance forces and couples of reciprocating parts.

6. To calculate the torque on a planet carrier and torque on internal gear using epicyclic gear train and holding torque apparatus.

7. To study the different types of centrifugal and inertia governors and demonstrate any one.

8. To study the automatic transmission unit.

9. To study the differential types of brakes.

10. To find out experimentally the corli and component of acceleration and compare with theoretical values.

**At least eight experiments should be performed from the above list. Remaining two experiments may either be performed from the above list or designed & set by the concerned institute as per the scope of the syllabus.**